The Diamond Age

Diamond is a precious jewel. It is also the hardest material known in nature and the most thermally conductive. Diamonds can enable room temperature quantum stability. What else can the Diamond Age offer us?
January 22, 2022

SDG Relevance: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure (SDG 9)

PUZZLE X™ 2021 | Nov 16-18 is the world's first collision grounds for science, business, venture and societal impact. It brings Frontier Materials to the forefront to aid the Sustainable Development Goals set out by the United Nations by 2030.

View PUZZLE X 2021 program here.

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#PUZZLEX #PUZZLEX21 #energy #diamonds #frontiermaterials #sustainability #innovation

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John Ciraldo  0:00  

Hello everyone, I'm John Ciraldo. I'm the Chief Technology Officer of WD Lab Grown Diamonds. WD was formed in 2008, Washington D.C., or just outside rather. We reformed a developing technology that was originally developed at Carnegie Institute in Washington. We’re a provider of diamond materials on a global scale, working with partners from mainstreet jewelry stores to the world's leading research and academic institutions. Over the past decade, WD Lab Grown has been dedicated to making what was once deemed impossible possible! To create the diamond of tomorrow, to harness the true beauty and unique qualities of diamond for a more sustainable future. We create in our laboratory from seed to stone, diamonds that are optically, physically and atomically identical to their earth mine counterparts. In doing so we have helped to redefine what people think of as a diamond. Today we are the first 100% Climate Neutral and sustainably certified diamond producer in the world with global distribution of our gemstones in advanced materials. Our mission is to set a new standard for sustainability in the diamond space and to drive real sustainable change across industries. Now like everyone here today, we're answering a fundamental question: what comes next? The world has moved from the technological age to the materials age, a new frontier where technical advances are guided not by the devices we fabricate in the tech age, but the materials that allow us to realize the advantages of these devices. As a materials company, we find ourselves in a position to play a role in that great ambition to be part of making a new future. With silicon reaching the limits of size and maintaining Moore's infamous Law proving to be increasingly difficult. We've already begun to look at what's next. New devices have helped us to bridge the gap, but they too are reaching their limitations. As we move forward, we are looking at new ways to maintain technological progress. This alone is going to require new emerging technologies. So what is the future tomorrow and more importantly, what can we do to ensure that it is a cleaner more sustainable future.


John Ciraldo  2:02  

We already see that we are becoming cleaner.


John Ciraldo  2:13  

The noise and the smog is being replaced by clean smart vehicles. But that's just the beginning. From fleet vehicles that deliver to our homes to airplanes or cargo ships that connect our world the future will be electrified, and the future will also be automated. Self driving cars will help to redefine how the car is used. We no longer need to own a car when we can deliver the car to us. But we can help improve that access even sooner. Through improvements in charging speed, we can bring charging speeds down to where it takes no longer to charge a battery than it takes to fill a gas tank. Because of this our world will be cleaner. We know where we want to go. But what's stopping us from getting there? Heat. This is the biggest problem: engines and motors generate a lot of power and much of that power is converted into useless heat. Where heat impacts transformers it affects both the performance and the longevity of the devices. As we drive to smaller form factors heat densities increase. With the high power devices that make our future realizable thermal problem is already limiting device structure capabilities. We were once limited by fabrication technology making smaller devices; we are now limited by materials that help us to pull this heat out of the devices. The problem is one that cannot be solved simply by better packaging. It requires solutions that are within the device where the heat is generated. As such, the problem has moved from a technological challenge to a materials challenge. The need for wider band gaps. According to UNICEF and the World Health Organization, one in three people worldwide do not have access to clean safe drinking water. As a result, 1.2 million people die every year from contamination of water. Even among regions fortunate to have access to clean drinking water, airborne disease remains a threat. This has never been better highlighted than over the past two years. UV light offers a convenient way to purify both air and water. Such systems have already been demonstrated in small nations, but better cheaper technology is desperately needed. Sustainable quantum technology or scalable quantum technology. The age of quantum computation is approaching quickly. But there are still major hurdles to overcome. We now have an engineering challenge. How do we go from this? To this? Quantum computers our vision for the future that's quickly becoming reality. Today, researchers have access to quantum computations that only five years ago seemed like science fiction, but access remains limited and the tools are cumbersome. Operating near absolute zero requires today's quantum computers to be tethered to cryogenic systems limiting their accessibility but as a transformation from mainframes to smartframe shows ,miniaturization is inevitable. NV center’s Diamond allows for temporarily stable qubits the basis of quantum computation. Unlike other qubit technology, however, diamond NV center qubits are stable at room temperature, eliminating the need for costly and complex cryogenic systems. Graphene has gained a lot of attention for its applicability to the material problems we face today. It's hard, strong and has fantastic thermal electrical properties. It's a fascinating material, but there's another carbon allotrope that we can't ignore: diamond. It's well known that diamonds it's the hardest material known in nature. It is however also the most thermally conductive, in fact diamond is a story of extremes. Extreme ability to control heat, extreme ability to carry electrical currents, extreme resistance to electrical breakdown and all this in an ultra wide bandgap semiconductor. We know the problems: how do we manage heat? Diamond solves this problem better than any other material. How do we realize UV sterilization? Diamonds’ ultra wide bandgap offers an excellent solution for energy efficient UV LEDs. How do we take the cryo quantum computer of today and put it in a desktop? Diamonds MV desktops allow for room temperature quantum stability, we know the problems and diamond offers us solutions. So why are we not using diamonds today to solve these problems? First, we have to overcome one engineering challenge. How do we go from this? To this? Up until very recently, producing high quality diamond gemstones or wafers in a scalable controllable way was a dream few bothered to entertain.


John Ciraldo  6:28  

But what a difference time technology and innovation makes. Today consumers can walk into a jewelry store and select from any number of beautiful laboratory certified stones. No one knows us better than us at WD Lab Grown Diamonds, one of the world's largest producers of this material. Through WD’s advanced materials division we are looking ahead to what's next and honored to play a role in developing real actionable solutions for tomorrow's most pressing challenges. With a team of scientists and engineers from national laboratories and backgrounds in biomedical, high power semiconductor, and spintronics we are addressing these challenges head on and expanding the very possibility of diamond. We're developing patents and patent pending semiconductor technology that will usher in the Diamond Age, more efficient electronics enabling clean air, and clean water that is addressable to everyone, and quantum technology that does not require liquid helium to operate. And all this from the first sustainably certified diamond producer we are showing that we can realize this technology while still protecting people on the planet and the things that we hold most dear. Thank you. Please come and find me if you'd like to discuss this any further or if you'd like to you can reach us out at this. This email address.


John Ciraldo  7:36  

Thank you



This talk is part of the PUZZLE X 2021 program on 16th November 2021.

Speaker: John Ciraldo, CTO at WD Lab Grown Diamonds.

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